Arthritis describes many diseases and conditions which cause inflammation in the joints. Osteoarthritis can commonly cause pain in the feet and ankles. This condition is also though of as “wear-and-tear” arthritis because it develops as a result of the natural use and aging process. The condition is also referred to as degenerative joint disease or age-related arthritis. This condition can affect the bones and joints inside the foot, causing pain, swelling, and possibly deformity.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis affecting the feet and ankles usually include:
Once it has been determined that the person has osteoarthritis, the doctor will treat the condition using a variety of methods. Often times, steroid medications are used to minimize swelling and are injected into the affected joints. Anti-inflammatory drugs can also help to reduce swelling and ease discomfort. Including pads and arch support in treatment is also help and helps cushion the joints against pressure and impact from walking and moving. Canes and braces can be used if weight bearing is especially difficult. Physical therapy can also help to increase range of motion and keep the joints flexible. If patients are overweight, it will be recommended that they lose the excess weight to reduce pressure on the joints and bones. Custom made orthotics and shoes can also help. Employing at home care will also be very important for patients. These stretches and techniques can help the feet stay strong and flexible which will reduce discomfort. If you believe you have arthritis in your feet and/or ankles, contact the office to schedule a consultation appointment with one of our doctors.